SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING, AND MATH (STEM)

At Bridgton Academy, we recognize the need for all students to have some appreciation for the wonders of science and technology, and sufficient knowledge of engineering to engage in public discussions on related issues and to understand technological information as it relates to their everyday lives. In addition, our students must acquire the skills to be successful in college in order to enter careers of their choice, including the possibility of careers in science, engineering or technology. Too few workers in the United States currently have the background to enter these fields, and many citizens lack even fundamental knowledge of them. Bridgton Academy’s STEM department offers a wide array of courses in all the STEM areas. Instructors in these disciplines design lessons around common math, science, and engineering core practices to allow students to make connections across these disciplines in order to cultivate scientific habits of mind and to understand how engineering and technologically-based solutions are developed.

MATHEMATICS

All math courses are full-year, two-semester offerings

ADVANCED ALGEBRA AND TRIGONOMETRY
This is a full-year course. The course begins with a first quarter review of Algebra. Topics will include: patterns and expressions, properties of and operations with real numbers, algebraic expressions, operations with polynomials including expansion and factoring, solving linear algebraic equations and inequalities, modeling with linear equations and graphing.

The second quarter will begin with an introduction to functions and their graphs, including combinations of functions, inverse functions, quadratic and polynomial equations, and rational equations.

During the second semester, exponential and logarithmic equations and the properties of logarithms, and multivariable systems of equations and inequalities will be explored.

Additionally, an introductory study of trigonometry will be covered, including right and non-right triangle trigonometry, trigonometric functions and their application to periodic phenomena.

PRECALCULUS
This is a full-year course. This course provides the mathematical background necessary for calculus. Topics include: equations and inequalities; functions and graphs; exponential, logarithmic, and trigonometric functions; and identities and inverse functions. Students are strongly urged to purchase their calculators prior to arrival at Bridgton.

STATISTICS (CAP)
This is a full-year course. To ensure students have the necessary mathematical background to be successful in this course, the course begins with a review of algebra during the first quarter. Topics will include: Properties of and operations with real numbers, algebraic expressions, operations with polynomials including expansion and factoring, solving linear algebraic equations and inequalities, modeling with linear equations and graphing. The probability and statistics portion of this course begins during the second quarter. It is designed to acquaint students with statistical methods of data analysis. Topics include: descriptive statistics; probability and probability distributions; hypothesis testing and statistical inference; analysis of variance; and regression. Successful completion of this course may qualify a student for college credit through the University of Southern Maine.

CALCULUS (CAP)
This is a full-year course. This course is modeled on a college freshman calculus course taught at University of Southern Maine (USM). The topics include: analytical geometry; functions; continuity; limits; derivatives and applications; and integrals and applications. This course is the equivalent of USM’s MAT 152D and carries 4 college credits. Students are required to use a TI 89 Titanium or TI Nspire CX CAS graphing calculator. Students are strongly urged to purchase their calculators prior to arrival at Bridgton.

ACCELERATED CALCULUS (CAP)
This is a full-year course. This course parallels the two-semester sequence course taught at University of Southern Maine, Calculus A (MAT 152D) and B (MAT 153), for 4 credit hours for each semester. Students are required to use a TI 89 Titanium or TI Nspire CX CAS graphing calculator. Students are strongly urged to purchase their calculators prior to arrival at Bridgton.

SCIENCE/COMPUTER SCIENCE

*BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY APPLICATIONS
Business Technology Applications is a course designed to assist students in developing technological proficiencies in preparing documents for publication, page layout, data structures, spreadsheets, digital presentations, communications, Internet use and ethics. A major emphasis is placed on guiding students through real-world experiences to aid in the understanding of business applications. Simulations and projects promoting teamwork and leadership offer students further opportunities for application of knowledge and skills useful in the workplace. Upon successful completion of this course, students have the opportunity to earn transferable college credit.

*DIGITAL MEDIA (CAP)
This one-semester computer science course introduces students to the creation, acquisition, editing, and delivery of computer-generated media. Work includes graphics, photography, sound, music, video, and interactive hypermedia. Students will use a range of tools to acquire, manipulate, and store their original content. The equivalent of CO 110 at St. Joseph’s College, this course carries 4 credit hours for successful completion.

INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES
CAP Environmental Issues examines, in a one-semester elective, the origins of and solutions to pressing current environmental issues. A comprehensive, multidisciplinary approach to environmental problem solving is stressed, and students will explore the scientific, legal, economic, and social aspects of the issues in order to better understand the complexity of these problems.

GENETICS (CAP)
Genetics is a CAP course offered through affiliation with St. Joseph’s College. Most of the topics studied in this course are based on very recent molecular biology discoveries relating to heredity, DNA, genes, and gene expression. At the same time, seminal discoveries throughout history that led us to today are acknowledged and discussed. Extensive laboratory work involves authentic experiments in microbiology, genetic engineering, precision medicine, population genetics and evolution. This course provides a strong foundation of scientific literacy and prepares students for STEM courses in college and beyond. Successful completion of the course earns 4 credits from St. Joseph’s College.

HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
Human physiology is a single semester science elective. Physiology, by definition, is the study of normal function within living creatures. The human body is made up of an integrated set of systems. In this course students examine the cellular and molecular interactions going on inside human body systems. In doing so, it is possible to understand how a body system works and what role each individual type of cell or organ play in the function of the body as a whole. For example, what is happening inside cells, tissues, and organs when a body responds and adapts to disease, or to a change in diet or exercise? The course is excellent preparation for careers in health or biomedical professions, or it can simply serve to inform you about your own body and how it works. Laboratory exercises provide hands-on
opportunities to understand concepts in a more concrete and tactile way.

INTRODUCTION TO METEOROLOGY
This is an introductory course that explores the composition, structure and physical properties of the Earth’s atmosphere. Weather phenomena will be studied on both the global and local scale. Major topics include heat balance, atmospheric stability, precipitation processes, cyclonic activity, weather analysis, and very basic weather forecasting techniques. Particular attention will be paid to the causes, structure and impact of tornadoes, hurricanes, thunderstorms and other severe weather systems.

*NUTRITION
Bridgton Academy students have questions and misconceptions about nutrition concepts. This course provides answers! Some of the most common questions relate to proper hydration methods, whether or not supplements are needed, or simply what should I be eating when I go to the dining hall? By tracking and analyzing intake using an app, and by understanding the macromolecules and other essential nutrients, students soon can make better meal and snack decisions and will be more successful in reaching overall health and fitness goals. This course is a thorough introduction to nutrition science and is the foundation for CAP nutrition which is offered in the second semester.

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